BASIC BUILDING REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF TRADITIONAL SQUASH COURTS
Building Requirements :
The dimensions of a singles or doubles court is shown on the attached diagram. Width & length of the finished sizes are subject to +/-10mm when measured 1000mm
above the finished floor level.
In order to provide a suitable basic structure when constructing a court, a number of factors
should be considered by the designer and builder.
The Floor :
All new squash court floors must comply with Standard.
The floor will require a level base incorporating a damp proof membrane to avoid the
possibility of moisture from the concrete oversite slab affecting the timber floor.
Wall Construction :
The inner skin of the cavity wall should consist of either Fletton common bricks or equal
clay bricks 21N/mm² or dense aggregate concrete blocks minimum 7N/mm².
It is usual to use 210mm brickwork or 200mm concrete blockwork in cement lime mortar.
Flint lime, sand lime or calcium silicate bricks and lightweight aggregate blockwork should
Walls should be constructed of the same materials throughout. Avoid constructional steel
or concrete columns in the same finished plane as this will lead to cracking of the playing
Court walls shall be vertical to within 5mm in a height of 2m and straight to within +/-15mm
in the length of any wall.
Wall Insulation :
If the courts are to be heated, the addition of insulation clipped to the cavity face of the
inner skin should be considered.
Air bricks should be provided at low level on the front wall of the court. This is to allow air
into the court through holes corresponding to the air bricks formed in the ‘tin’, the out of
court area at the base of the front wall. An extractor fan to provide 4 air changes per hour
should be sited at the rear of the court.
Out of Court Area :
Wall surfaces above the playing surfaces may be left as fair faced work for decoration in a
The Door :
England Squash recommend that for all new build traditional brick built squash courts, the
Standard wooden solid core door at 915mm width, should be fitted
The access door of the court is sited on the centre line, or middle third of the back wall.
The frame is set flush with the playing surface. A flush door with a solid core is painted and
hung on concealed hinges SOSS pattern. A check action closer and door viewer is fitted.
Glass Back Wall :
Where a glass back wall is to be installed, the supporting channels are set into the side
walls. Fins are supported on metal angles bolted into the concrete floor slab which should
be thickened to allow for the bolts. The door width should be 760mm.
Viewing Gallery :
Where a solid back wall is used, a viewing gallery over the access corridor should be
provided for spectators and referee/marker.
The ceiling of the court should preferably be flush with no projecting beams. The ceiling
and/or underside of the roof, if exposed, should be painted a light colour.
Playing Surfaces :
These are defined with out of court battens 50mm wide. A number of playing surface
materials are available and these are applied by specialist contractors who are approved
by the manufacturer of the wall surface materials. Normal plasters are not suitable for
squash courts. Playing surfaces are left undecorated.
Squash Court :
Either maple or beech strips of a consistently light colour, secret nailed to semi-sprung
battens at 300mm centres for maple and beech. Strips are laid the length of
the court. The floor surface is left unsealed with a slight ‘nap’ to provide shoe traction for
Fluorescent twin tube fittings are used, the layout is shown on England Squash Technical
Information Sheet No. 8. A minimum standard of 400 lux is required.
A temperature for a squash court is ideally 15ºC +/-3ºF. Position for heating will depend on
the siting and location of the court.
Alternative Wall Systems :
There are a number of prefabricated wall systems available that can be used to form a
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